Recommended Books for Mathematics and Calculus Lovers:
--------xxx----------- Calculus - Introduction to Differential Equations and Solved Problems - Outline of Contents:
Class 11/12 students in India preparing for ISC/CBSE and Entrance Examinations like the IIT-JEE/AIEEE Anyone else who needs this Tutorial as a reference! |
Quick and introductory definitions related to Funtions, Limits and Continuity - Defining the domain and range of a function, the meaning of continuity, limits, left and right hand limits, properties of limits and the "lim" operator; some common limits; defining the L'Hospital rule, intermediate and extreme value theorems. | Functions, Limits and Continuity - Solved Problem Set I - The Domain, Range, Plots and Graphs of Functions; L'Hospital's Rule- - Solved problems demonstrating how to compute the domain and range of functions, drawing the graphs of functions, the mod function, deciding if a function is invertible or not; calculating limits for some elementary examples, solving 0/0 forms, applying L'Hospital rule. |
Functions, Limits and Continuity - Solved Problem Set II - Conditions for Continuity, More Limits, Approximations for ln (1+x) and sin x for infinitesimal values of x - More advanced cases of evaluating limits, conditions for continuity of functions, common approximations used while evaluating limits for ln ( 1 + x ), sin (x); continuity related problems for more advanced functions than the ones in the first group of problems (in the last tutorial). | Functions, Limits and Continuity - Solved Problem Set III - Continuity and Intermediate Value Theorems - Problems related to Continuity, intermediate value theorem. |
Introductory concepts and definitions related to Differentiation - Basic formulas, Successive Differentiation, Leibnitz, Rolle and Lagrange Theorems, Maxima , Minima, Convexity, Concavity, etc - Theory and definitions introducing differentiability, basic differentiation formulas of common algebraic and trigonometric functions , successive differentiation, Leibnitz Theorem, Rolle's Theorem, Lagrange's Mean Value Theorem, Increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and Minima; Concavity, convexity and inflexion, implicit differentiation. |
Differential Calculus - Solved Problem Set I - Common Exponential, Log , trigonometric and polynomial functions - Examples and solved problems - differentiation of common algebraic, exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric and polynomial functions and terms; problems related to differentiability . | Differential Calculus - Solved Problem Set II - Derivability and continuity of functins - Change of Indepndent Variables - Finding N-th Derivatives - Examples and solved problems - related to derivability and continuity of functions; changing the independent variable in a differential equation; finding the N-th derivative of functions |
Differential Calculus - Solved Problems Set III- Maximia, Minima, Extreme Values, Rolle's Theorem - Examples and solved problems - related to increasing and decreasing functions; maxima, minima and extreme values; Rolle's Theorem |
Differential Calculus - Solved Problems Set IV - Points of Inflexion, Radius of Curvature, Curve Sketching - Examples and solved problems - Slope of tangents to a curve, points of inflexion, convexity and concavity of curves, radius of curvature and asymptotes of curves, sketching curves |
Differential Calculus - Solved Problems Set V - Curve Sketching, Parametric Curves - More examples of investigating and sketching curves, parametric representation of curves |
Introducing Integral Calculus - Definite and Indefinite Integrals - using Substitution , Integration By Parts, ILATE rule - Theory and definitions. What integration means, the integral and the integrand. Indefinite integrals, integrals of common functions. Definite integration and properties of definite integrals; Integration by substitution, integration by parts, the LIATE rule, Integral as the limit of a sum. Important forms encountered in integration. | Integral Calculus - Solved Problems Set I - Basic examples of polynomials and trigonometric functions, area under curves - Examples and solved problems - elementary examples of integration involving trigonometric functions, polynomials; integration by parts; area under curves. |
Integral Calculus - Solved Problems Set II - More integrals, functions involving trigonometric and inverse trigonometric ratios - Examples and solved problems - integration by substitution, definite integrals, integration involving trigonometric and inverse trigonometric ratios. | Integral Calculus - Solved Problems Set III - Reduction Formulas, Using Partial FractionsI- Examples and solved problems - Reduction formulas, reducing the integrand to partial fractions, more of definite integrals |
Integral Calculus - Solved Problems Set IV - More of integration using partial fractions, more complex substitutions and transformations - Examples and solved problems - More of integrals involving partial fractions, more complex substitutions and transformations | Integral Calculus - Solved Problems Set V- Integration as a summation of a series - Examples and solved problems - More complex examples of integration, examples of integration as the limit of a summation of a series |
Introduction to Differential Equations and Solved Problems - Set I - Order and Degree, Linear and Non-Linear Differential Equations, Homogeneous Equations, Integrating Factor - Theory and definitions. What a differential equation is; ordinary and partial differential equations; order and degree of a differential equation; linear and non linear differential equations; General, particular and singular solutions; Initial and boundary value problems; Linear independence and dependence; Homogeneous equations; First order differential equations; Characteristic and auxiliary equations. Introductory problems demonstrating these concepts. Introducing the concept of Integrating Factor (IF). |
Differential Equations - Solved Problems - Set II - D operator, auxillary equation, General Solution - Examples and solved problems - Solving linear differential equations, the D operator, auxiliary equations. Finding the general solution ( CF + PI ) |
Differential Equations - Solved Problems - Set III - More Differential Equations - More complex cases of differential equations. | Differential Equations - Solved Problems - Set IV - Still more differential equations. |