/*
Distance Vector Routing in this program is implemented using Bellman Ford Algorithm:-
*/
#include<stdio.h>
struct node
{
unsigned dist[20];
unsigned from[20];
}rt[10];
int main()
{
int costmat[20][20];
int nodes,i,j,k,count=0;
printf("\nEnter the number of nodes : ");
scanf("%d",&nodes);//Enter the nodes
printf("\nEnter the cost matrix :\n");
for(i=0;i<nodes;i++)
{
for(j=0;j<nodes;j++)
{
scanf("%d",&costmat[i][j]);
costmat[i][i]=0;
rt[i].dist[j]=costmat[i][j];//initialise the distance equal to cost matrix
rt[i].from[j]=j;
}
}
do
{
count=0;
for(i=0;i<nodes;i++)//We choose arbitary vertex k and we calculate the direct distance from the node i to k using the cost matrix
//and add the distance from k to node j
for(j=0;j<nodes;j++)
for(k=0;k<nodes;k++)
if(rt[i].dist[j]>costmat[i][k]+rt[k].dist[j])
{//We calculate the minimum distance
rt[i].dist[j]=rt[i].dist[k]+rt[k].dist[j];
rt[i].from[j]=k;
count++;
}
}while(count!=0);
for(i=0;i<nodes;i++)
{
printf("\n\n For router %d\n",i+1);
for(j=0;j<nodes;j++)
{
printf("\t\nnode %d via %d Distance %d ",j+1,rt[i].from[j]+1,rt[i].dist[j]);
}
}
printf("\n\n");
getch();
}
/*
A sample run of the program works as:-
Enter the number of nodes :
3
Enter the cost matrix :
0 2 7
2 0 1
7 1 0
For router 1
node 1 via 1 Distance 0
node 2 via 2 Distance 2
node 3 via 3 Distance 3
For router 2
node 1 via 1 Distance 2
node 2 via 2 Distance 0
node 3 via 3 Distance 1
For router 3
node 1 via 1 Distance 3
node 2 via 2 Distance 1
node 3 via 3 Distance 0
*/